The magazine Brain has a novel review on the history of converting the electroencephalogram (EEG) into sound (Lutters & Koehler, 2016). The translation of information into sound, known every bit sonification, has been applied to encephalon waves since the 1930s. In improver to early on scientific in addition to medical applications, sonification of the EEG has been used inwards the champaign of experimental music.
In 1965, physicist Edmond Dewan in addition to composer Alvin Lucier collaborated on Music for the Solo Performer:
Sitting on a chair, eyes closed, Lucier’s brainwaves were recorded from his scalp, amplified in addition to channelled to numerous loudspeakers scattered only about the room. As the amplified alpha beat was below the human audible range, the loudspeakers were set ‘right upwards against’ diverse percussion instruments, which were therefore activated past times way of vibration. While Lucier attempted to refrain from mental activity, percussion sounds slow started to fill upwards the room, which were all of a precipitous disrupted when he opened his eyes, engaged inwards mental exercise, or when his attending was drawn towards sounds from the audience (Kahn, 2013).
The article too reviews to a greater extent than contemporary translations of EEG action into music:
By the halt of the century, advances inwards EEG in addition to audio technology scientific discipline ultimately gave ascension to brain–computer music interfaces (BCMIs), a multidisciplinary achievement that has enhanced expressive abilities of both patients in addition to artists (Miranda, 2014).
Edmond Dewan in addition to his brainwave command organization (1964). From Kahn D. globe audio globe signal: Energies in addition to globe magnitude inwards the arts. Los Angeles: University of California Press; 2013. p. 96. Image courtesy of Brian Dewan.
Lucier practicing brainwave command inwards the Brandeis Music Studio (1965). From Kahn D. globe audio globe signal: Energies in addition to globe magnitude inwards the arts. Los Angeles: University of California Press; 2013. p. 91. Image courtesy of Alvin Lucier.
Lutters, B., & Koehler, P. (2016). Brainwaves inwards concert: the 20th century sonification of the electroencephalogram. Brain DOI: 10.1093/brain/aww207
Music From Your Brain
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